Palace Museum (Beijing City)

Palace Museum in Beijing City is making the place in the palace of the emperor in China (Shikinjo-Castle) a museum. It is the one like Imperial Palace if it says in Japan. The majority of owning goods were destroyed at Cultural Revolution, and it was taken out to Taiwan by Shokaiseki.

It has gone for the cheap trip to Beijing that the Yomiuri travel recruited for four days. It came round five World Heritage of "Ming Tombs", "Great Wall", "Summer Palace", "National Palace Museum", and "Temple of Heaven Park".

Guide to Palace Museum (Shikinjo-Castle)


Center part of Beijing City


It is in the north of center Tiananmen Square in Beijing City. It is 5 minutes on foot from the subway Tienanmen east station.

With the

Palace Museum is called "Shikinjo-Castle", and is a landmark in an old royal palace of Ming period in Beijing City of the People's Republic of China. It is World Heritage of UNESCO (cultural heritage) as "Ming and Qing Dynasties imperial palace in Beijing and Shenyang". The area It is 725,000 square meters, and monuments in the world's largest palace. There are 8704 rooms in all, and even if the emperor lives in another room every day, it takes 23 years or more to the number of rooms.

Palace Museum (Horse gate)

Palace Museum (Horse gate)

This building is Horse gate created in 1420. It is the south gate of Forbidden City where it went from Tienanmen to the north. It was named because the name of the Horse gate was in the direction of Horse ,in a word, the direction in the south of the palace.

There are three entrances in all at this gate. As for the gate of the center, it was closed things except emperor's going by the emperor limitation in and out. The right and left was aristocrat and government official's passages. You may enter now where.

The feature of this gate has peculiar shape that both wings put out the Japanese parsley to the character type of piece. It comes in the place where the punishment of the punishment etc. of 100 beatings was executed in the plaza enclosed by the Horse gate. It is this gate that Puyi who had taken a ride on a bicycle by movie "Last Emperor" was stopped.

"Daiwaden" (Taiwaden)

"Daiwaden" (Taiwaden)

It enters "Daiwaden" when "Daiwamon-gate" is passed from "Gomon-gate". It is the most important building in the court that held the ceremony of congratulation such as coronation in the line of emperors and emperor's birthdays, New Year's Days, and winter solstice and important courts.

Government officials held the ceremony lining up in the plaza before "Daiwaden" when the ceremony was held.

There are "Daiwaden" of about 33m in depth of 35m in height and about 63m in width in the maximum wooden building in China of the in existence. It seems to be the largest in the building of Shikinjo-Castle in which the number is located. (Because the width that height viewed from the front by 46.1m is 57.0m to the great image of buddha lord in Todaiji Temple in Japan, and depth is 50.5m, the great image of buddha lord seems to be larger.)

There was a superstition that it was done, and the gem dropped when the person of a suitable case sat as an emperor that Otama hung on the throne, and Yuan Shikai seemed to move the throne purposely and to have sat.

Decoration on roof of "Houwaden"

Decoration on roof of "Houwaden"

All the decoration tiles are given to the Horse gate, "Daiwaden", and roofs such as the neutralizing lords and "Houwaden". A huge dragon like the fabulous dolphinlike fish halberd (fabulous dolphinlike fish) is put when saying on these roofs in Japan. There is a tile that the hermit got on the Chinese phoenix in the point of the ridge of four people's roofs, and several kind-ten kinds of animals' tiles are put afterwards.

Dragon's upper-body is put afterwards, These seem to be the purposes of disregarding the manitou, and are seen well in the building in China and South Korea. It never saw too much in Japan and it took a picture because it was unusual. It was a feature in the color of these roof tiles yellow, and only the emperor was able to use this color.

Flower garden (Gyokaen)

Flower garden (Gyokaen)

There is a mountain in which towers exist in the maximum flower garden in Shikinjo-Castle. This was in Double Ninth Festival in the artificial hill of the great lake stone.

Here, Ming and Qing Dynasty emperors of the age, location and played the empress.

This stone has been seen also in the garden near Shanghai. However, the great lake stone splendid like this had not been seen.

Jinbumon or Shinbumon Gate

Jinbumon or Shinbumon Gate

This is the north gate of Shikinjo-Castle. It is a front gate at Palace Museum now. It hangs out "Palace Museum" door plate.

This north side is Kageyama park. The Kageyama park is a mountain that became discernment and Qing Dynasty emperor's gardens. It was made in shape to pile up the surplus soil that dug up in former palace when Shikinjo-Castle was made and to form five peaks. It is large that China does.

It is said that it was made in the due north of Shikinjo-Castle to prevent the wild excitement from entering Shikinjo-Castle.